How To Reference A Website In An Essay

APA Web Site Citation
Web sites do not include subscription databases

  • Examples are not double-spaced, but your References list should be double-spaced
  • Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented
  • Omit any information not found (author, organizational sponsor, date published or updated, etc.).

  • There are three elements absolutely necessary for an web site citation:

    • Name (or title) of site
    • Date of retrieval if web site is not Authoritative
    • URL of Homepage (Internet address) (If hard to find like on a government website, complete URL can be used)


Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Date of Publication or Update). Title of work. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL from Homepage

Examples:

Basements and crawl spaces. (2002, June 23). Retrieved  from http://www.hud.gov/ offices/hsg/sfh/ref/sfhp1-25.cfm

Build smarter with alternative materials. (n.d.). Retrieved June 15, 2002, from http://www.build-smarter.com/

Clemens, S. L. (n.d.). Roughing it. Retrieved from http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-in/query/r?ammem/calbkbib:@field(TITLE+@band(Roughing+it.+))

E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. (2002). DuPont Tyvek®. Retrieved June 15, 2002, from http://www.tyvek.com/

Hacken, R. (n.d.). Home page. Retrieved January 23, 2002, from http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/

7-step home construction plan. (n.d.). Retrieved June 15, 2002, from http/www.plansforme.com/ownmyhome/home_building/index.html

Seville, C. (2001, January 25). Finish materials in design/build. Retrieved from http://www.housingzone.com/topics/hz/cmaterials/hz01aa604.asp

Study skills self-help information. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2001, from http://www.ucc.vt.edu/stdysk/stdyhlp.html

Willett, P., ed. (1997, April). Victorian women writers project. Retrieved from http://www.indiana.edu/~letrs/vwwp/nesbit/ballsoc.html

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How to reference a Website using the Chicago Manual of Style

The most basic entry for a website consists of the author name(s), page title, website title, web address, and date accessed.

Last Name, First Name. “Page Title.” Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed).

Smith, John. “Obama inaugurated as President.” CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html (accessed February 1, 2009).

The first author’s name should be reversed, with a comma being placed after the last name and a period after the first name (or any middle name). Titles and affiliations associated with the author should be omitted. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr., should appear after the author’s given name, preceded by a comma.

For a page with two or more authors, list them in the order as they appear on the website. Only the first author’s name should be reversed, while the others are written in normal order. Separate author names by a comma.

Smith, John, and Jane Doe. “Obama inaugurated as President.” CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html (accessed February 1, 2009).

If no author is available, begin the citation with the website owner.

Cable News Network. “Obama inaugurated as President.” CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html (accessed February 1, 2009).

The full page title, which is followed by a period, should be placed within quotation marks. Place the period within the quotation marks. Then include the website title, followed by a period. If the website title is not available, include the website owner in its place.

Smith, John. “Obama inaugurated as President.” Cable News Network. http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html (accessed February 1, 2009).

Include the web address of the page. Next, place the text “accessed” and the date on which you accessed the website (written in the format of “month day, year”) in parentheses. Conclude the citation with a period after the parentheses.

For informal websites (such as home page or fan websites) or websites without formal titles, use descriptive phrases in your citation in place of page or website titles.

If the website has a print counterpart, such as the website for a newspaper, place the website title in italics.

Smith, John. “Catalonia Declares Independence from Spain.” New York Times. http://www.newyorktimes.com/POLITICS/11/21/catalonia_spain.html (accessed February 1, 2017).

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