Edward Randall Royce (born October 12, 1951) is an American politician who currently serves as a member of the United States House of Representatives for California's 39th congressional district, and previously the 40th, serving in Congress since 1993. A member of the Republican Party, Royce became the Chairman of the United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs in 2013. He was re-elected to his seat in 2016, having spent over $3.5 million on his campaign. On January 8, 2018, Royce announced that he will retire from Congress at the end of his current term and not run for re-election in 2018.
Early life, education, and pre-congressional career
Born in Los Angeles, California, and graduating from Katella High School in Anaheim, Royce went on to earn his B.A. in Accounting and Finance in 1977 from the California State University, Fullerton. He was a business owner and corporate tax manager for a Portland cement company before becoming a California State Senator in 1983, serving in that post until his election to the U.S. House of Representatives. Royce is married to the former Marie Therese Porter, a businesswoman and former Professor at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona.
U.S. House of Representatives
After redistricting following the 1990 United States Census, incumbent Republican U.S. Representative William Dannemeyer decided to retire and run for the 1992 U.S. Senate election. Royce won the Republican primary for what was then California's 39th congressional district, which included most of northern Orange County and southern Los Angeles County.
He defeated Democrat Molly McClanahan in the general election with 57% of the vote.
He won re-election to the 39th district four more times with at least 63% of the vote. After redistricting after the 2000 United States Census, his district was renumbered the 40th and cut back to northern Orange County. He won re-election from this district five more times with at least 63% of the vote.
Main article: United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012 § District 39
After redistricting, Royce's home in Fullerton was drawn into the 39th district. That district had previously been the 42nd District, represented by fellow Republican Gary Miller. Although it was geographically more Miller's district than Royce's, Royce would have been favored in a primary battle with Miller–which would have been the real contest in this heavily Republican district. Ultimately, Miller opted to move to the neighboring 31st District, effectively handing the seat to Royce.
Royce defeated Jay Chen in the general election.
Royce voted in favor of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
- Human Rights Caucus
- Congressional Military Family Caucus
- Congressional Internet Caucus
- House Recycling Caucus
- Victim’s Rights Caucus
- International Conservation Caucus
- Congressional Caucus on Korea
- Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans
- Congressional Caucus on Vietnam
- Taiwan Caucus
- U.S. Philippines Friendship Caucus
- Congressional Cement Caucus
- Climate Solutions Caucus
- House Baltic Caucus
Situated in a district that supported Hillary Clinton in the 2016 Presidential election by a margin of eight points, Royce was widely viewed as one of the most vulnerable members of Congress. As of December 2017, polling in the 39th District showed a 36% approval rating for Royce and a 60% disapproval rating for President Trump. Additionally, the data showed that a large majority of voters disapproved of Royce's public support and vote in favor of the Republican Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. Acknowledging the difficult campaign ahead and the end of his six-year term as Chairman of the House Foreign Relations Committee, Royce decided to announce his retirement and decision to not run for reelection in 2018 via Twitter on January 8, 2018. Thirty minutes following his announcement, President Trump formally nominated Royce's wife Marie Royce to be Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs. In retiring, Royce joined the "casualty list" of 36 Republican members of the 115th Congress who have left or announced their intention to leave the House of Representatives.
Political positions and PACs
Royce is one of 14 House Republicans from California. He has voted with his party in 97% of votes so far in the current session of Congress and voted in line with President Trump's position in 92.9% of the votes. Despite this, for the 114th United States Congress, Royce was ranked as the 27th most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives (and the most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California) in the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy that ranks members of the United States Congress by their degree of bipartisanship (by measuring the frequency each member's bills attract co-sponsors from the opposite party and each member's co-sponsorship of bills by members of the opposite party). Over his career, Royce has received nearly $7 million from PACs. In the 2016 race, he raised over $4.2 million and spent over $3.5 million.
His campaign committee received funds from Northwest Excavating, Deutsche Bank, Morgan Stanley and NorPac. The Sunlight Foundation gave Royce's web site a 24 percent rating for transparency, with 40 percent being considered a passing score. Royce's website highlights support from conservative groups such as 60 Plus and business organizations such as the National Taxpayers Union and Citizens Against Government Waste. He received praise from the American Share Holders Association, Citizens for a Sound Economy, and the Small Business Survival Committee.
For the 113th Congress, the Washington Post named Royce as one of the “10 most effective lawmakers in the U.S. Congress”, citing his authorship of the Global Anti-Poaching Act (H.R. 2494) and the Hizballah International Financing Prevention Act of 2015 (H.R. 2297).
Royce's voting record, his scores on VoteMatch, and ratings by the Cato Institute indicate mixed or moderate positions on free trade,privatization of social security, campaign finance, and tax reform.
Royce is pro-life.
Banking deregulation, business issues
One of Royce's early signature issues was banking deregulation. He has sponsored legislation on tax policy, small businesses, and credit. Many of his biggest campaign contributors have been banks: his five top contributors in 2006 were Credit Union National Assn, Irvine Co., Wells Fargo, Orange County Teachers Fed Credit Union, and GUS plc. He is among the representatives receiving the largest percentage of their campaign contributions from the banking industry.
On November 13, 2013, Royce introduced the Credit Union Share Insurance Fund Parity Act (H.R. 3468; 113th Congress) into the House. The bill would expand federal deposit insurance to include Interest on Lawyer Trust Accounts (IOLTAs) and similar escrow accounts housed within credit unions.
Royce has a "C" rating from NORML regarding his voting record on cannabis-related matters. He voted against allowing veterans access to medical marijuana, if legal in their state, per their Veterans Health Administration doctor's recommendation.
Royce has a "A" rating from the National Rifle Association regarding his voting record on gun-related matters.
In the wake of the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, Royce posted on Facebook that "We need to defeat the terrorists and make it our top national security priority to prevail in the war against radical Islamic extremism." He did not mention the families or gun laws.
Taxes and budgets
He has received 14 "Taxpayer Friend Awards" from the National Taxpayers' Union. Royce opposes funding for the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC). Royce has posited that these overseas investments expose taxpayers to a serious potential liability, just like the S&L crisis did.
Social issues and Islam
Royce is a social conservative, having voted against same-sex marriage and gay adoption, and in favor of school prayer and school vouchers. He has a 92 percent rating from the Christian Coalition in terms of his voting record on families and children. He is pro-life, his votes resulting in NARAL's most consistent possible score. He has voted in favor of a constitutional amendment forbidding flag burning, and in favor of making the USA PATRIOT Act permanent. He has an A rating from the NRA.
Royce was criticized for attending a rally in his home county, in which members of anti-Muslim groups chanted at Muslim-American families attending Islamic charity event that they should "go home." Royce replied that the anti-Muslim chants were done by provocateurs, not the main group of protesters. He disavowed the chants, saying "those remarks and conduct were disrespectful and offensive". Royce supports President Trump's Executive Order 13769.
 Royce sponsored anti-stalking legislation signed into law by President Bill Clinton, which was based on legislation Royce had authored as a California State Senator. In 2003, he sponsored another bill as US representative related to victims.
On May 4, 2017, he voted to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and pass the American Health Care Act.
Donald Trump's tax returns
In February 2017, he voted against a resolution that would have directed the House to request 10 years of Trump's tax returns, which would then have been reviewed by the House Ways and Means Committee in a closed session.
In foreign policy, Royce's voting record has earned a 0% rating from the peace organization SANE. In 2011, Royce voted against the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 as part of a controversial provision that allows the government and the military to indefinitely detain American citizens and others without trial.
Iran nuclear agreement
In 2016, Royce criticized the Iran nuclear agreement and Obama administration harshly, saying the deal was "a financial windfall” for Iran and a "a cash bonanza, a boost to its international standing, and a lighted path toward nuclear weapons." He called for re-introducing sanctions on Iran. Later, in 2017, after Donald Trump had become President, Royce said that he was in favor of staying in the Iran nuclear agreement.
Royce serves as a senior member of the Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia. He and has been especially involved in policy regarding North Korea, working on issues such as human rights, counterfeiting of U.S. currency, nuclear proliferation, and stopping repatriation of refugees. Royce's district includes Fullerton, which has a large population of Korean immigrants. During a slow-rolling crisis in 2017 between the US and North Korea, Royce introduced legislation expanding sanctions against North Korea and requiring that its designation as a state sponsor of terror be reinstated.
Conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, and Yemen
Royce was a supporter of the US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In 2002, he voted in favor of authorizing PresidentGeorge W. Bush to use force in Iraq. In 2003, he voted yes on an emergency appropriation of $78 billion for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. From 2003-06, he voted in favor of the annual supplemental spending bill to continue funding for the Iraq war. In 2005, he voted against Amendment 214 to HR 1815, which called on Bush to develop a plan for withdrawing U.S. troops from Iraq; in favor of Amendment 488 to HR 2601 to keep troops in Iraq; and in favor of HR 612 opposing a timetable for withdrawal of troops from Iraq. In 2006, he voted for HR 861, a resolution labeling the war in Iraq as part of a global war against terrorism.
He has supported U.S. broadcasting efforts in Asia, initiating legislation to create Radio Free Asia and Radio Free Afghanistan on the model of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Royce had a mixed voting record on the 2011 US involvement in Libya. In 2015, he supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.
Royce was formerly chair of the Africa Subcommittee. He co-led, with Colin Powell, a delegation to observe Nigeria's historic elections in 1999 and led a delegation to Darfur to bring attention to the ongoing genocide in 2005 and led efforts in the House to bring Charles Taylor, the former President of Liberia, to stand trial before the Special Court of Sierra Leone.
On April 26, 2013, Royce introduced the North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act of 2013 (H.R. 1771; 113th Congress), a bill that would increase U.S. sanctions on North Korea. Royce said that "by shutting down North Korea's illicit activities, we deprive the Kim regime of the money he needs to pay his generals and to conduct nuclear weapons research." Royce also argued that "North Korea is undoubtedly one of the most significant security threats that we here face and our allies face."
On June 27, 2013, Royce introduced the Electrify Africa Act of 2013 (H.R. 2548; 113th Congress), a bill that would direct the President to establish a multiyear strategy to assist countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop an appropriate mix of power solutions to provide sufficient electricity access to people living in rural and urban areas in order to alleviate poverty and drive economic growth.
On November 13, 2013, Royce introduced the Taiwan Relations Act Affirmation and Naval Vessel Transfer Act of 2014 (H.R. 3470; 113th Congress) into the House. The bill would allow the sale of several Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates to Mexico, Thailand, and Taiwan. Four naval vessels would be sold to Taiwan for about $10 million each. Mexico and Thailand would each receive two vessels as a grant. Royce argued in favor of the bill saying that "these ships would bolster Taiwan's defense." Royce also said that "these transfers help support the priorities of the U.S. Navy while strengthening the capability of allies and our close partners to meet our share maritime security objectives."
Awards and honors
- ^"2016 Election results: U.S. Senate, House and California legislature". The Orange County Register. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
- ^ ab"Rep. Ed Royce: Campaign Finance/Money - Elections - Representative Career". opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
- ^ ab. Twitter https://twitter.com/RepEdRoyce/status/950494272234688512. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- ^"CA District 39 Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1992. Retrieved 2017-04-03.
- ^"Candidate - Edward R. Royce". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-04-03.
- ^Trygstad, Kyle. Gary Miller Switches California Districts to Avoid Battle With Ed Royce. Roll Call, 2012-01-12.
- ^"Representative Edward 'Ed' R. Royce's Political Positions". VoteSmart. VoteSmart. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- ^Almukhtar, Sarah (19 December 2017). "How Each House Member Voted on the Tax Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- ^"Member List". Republican Study Committee. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- ^"Members". House Baltic Caucus. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- ^"Supplement to the Statement of the Vote Counties by Congressional Districts for President"(PDF). California Secretary of State. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- ^"California could flip the House, and these 13 races will make the difference". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- ^ ab"Congressional Republicans Vulnerable in Upcoming Re-Elections"(PDF). Public Policy Polling. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- ^"Ed Royce, Longtime Orange County Congressman, Plans to Leave Congress". Orange County Register. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- ^"California Republican Rep. Ed Royce won't seek reelection, creating bigger opening for Democrats". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- ^"Casualty List". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- ^Bycoffe, Aaron (2017-01-30). "Tracking Edward R. Royce In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2017-02-18.
- ^The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index(PDF), The Lugar Center, March 7, 2016, retrieved April 30, 2017
- ^"Rep. Ed Royce: Campaign Finance/Money - Summary". opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
- ^Congressional Web Site Investigation Project: Sunlight FoundationArchived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-11. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- ^"Royce". Edroyce.com. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- ^ abcdEd Royce profile, issues2000.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^ abcdefghEd Royce on the Issues, ontheissues.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^ abWisckol, Martin (1 September 2017). "Rep. Ed Royce rebukes Trump on Arpaio pardon". Orange County Register. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- ^Races to Watch IX: Wall Street’s Favorite Candidates – OpenSecrets Blog, OpenSecrets.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^"H.R. 3468 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- ^"CBO – H.R. 3468". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- ^"California Scorecard - NORML.org - Working to Reform Marijuana Laws". norml.org. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- ^Berkowitz, Bonnie; Cai, Weiyi; Lu, Denise; Gamio, Lazaro. "Everything lawmakers said (and didn't say) after the Orlando mass shooting". Washington Post. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
- ^Government Bytes: The Official Blog of National Taxpayers Union, blog.ntu.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^Corporate Welfare OPICArchived 2007-06-09 at the Wayback Machine., progress.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^Corporate Welfare Reform, reason.com; accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^Adams, Richard (2011-03-03). "The ugly face of Islamophobia in Orange County, California". London, UK: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- ^Bell, Melissa. "Anti-Muslim videos spark anger; pro-Muslim rally planned for March 6 (#mar6)". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- ^"The Washington Post". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-04.
- ^Phinney, David (September 24, 1996). "Clinton Signs O.C.-Born Bill Outlawing Stalking". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- ^Royce legislation, stalkingalert.com; accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^"How the House voted to pass the GOP health-care bill". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-04.
- ^"Health care vote puts pressure on dozens of vulnerable GOP reps". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2017-05-04.
- ^"These are all the Republicans who don't want you to see Donald Trump's tax returns". indy100. 2017-02-28. Retrieved 2017-03-01.
- ^Connor Adams Sheets (2011-10-27). "NDAA Bill: How Did Your Congress Member Vote?". Ibtimes.com. Retrieved 2017-04-03.
- ^"House GOP Panel Grills John Kerry on Iran Nuclear Deal". NBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
- ^"Exclusive: U.S. House to vote on Iran Sanctions Act renewal as soon as November". Reuters. 2016. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
- ^CNN, Eli Watkins,. "Royce suggests US should stay in Iran deal". CNN. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
- ^Kheel, Rebecca (2017-10-11). "House Foreign Affairs chairman: US should stay in Iran deal, but 'enforce the hell' out of it". TheHill. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
Antonio Cárdenas (born March 31, 1963) is an Americanpolitician who has served as the United States Representative for California's 29th congressional district since January 2013.
Cárdenas was previously a member of the Los Angeles City Council, representing the Sixth Council District which covers portions of the northeast San Fernando Valley, including the communities of Arleta, Pacoima, Sun Valley, North Hollywood, Panorama City, Van Nuys, and Lake Balboa.
Cárdenas was elected to the California State Assembly for three consecutive terms and served as chair of the budget committee. In 2003, he was elected to the Los Angeles City Council and re-elected in 2007 and 2011. He is a member of the Democratic Party. Cardenas was elected to Congress in November 2012. He was reelected in 2014 and 2016.
Early life and education
Cárdenas was born March 31, 1963 in Pacoima, Los Angeles. He is one of eleven children of Andrés Cárdenas and María Quezada, who immigrated to the United States shortly after marrying in Jalisco, Mexico in 1946. Andrés Cárdenas was a farmworker near Stockton, California before the family relocated to Pacoima in 1954.
Cárdenas earned a degree in electrical engineering from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1986.
In 1996, Cárdenas ran for California's 39th State Assembly district after Democrat incumbent Richard Katz decided not to run for re-election. He defeated Republican Ollie McCaulley 72%-28%. In 1998, he won re-election to a second term with 87% of the vote. In 2000, he won re-election to a third term with 78% of the vote.
Cárdenas' state reforms brought 78,000 new classroom seats and 15 playgrounds throughout Los Angeles. He also secured more than $650 million for new school construction.
He authored legislation that reformed California’s gang prevention and intervention programs and teamed up with fellow Democrat Adam Schiff to create the Schiff-Cárdenas Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act.
Los Angeles City Council
In 2002, Cárdenas ran for Los Angeles City Council's 2nd district. Wendy Greuel defeated him 50.4%-49.6%, a difference of 225 votes. In 2003, he ran for the City Council's 6th district. He defeated Jose Roy Garcia 69%-31%. In 2007, he won re-election to a second term with 66% of the vote. In 2011, he won re-election to a third term with 58% of the vote.
Cárdenas was a major animal rights activist. He authored legislation that created Los Angeles' first Animal Cruelty Task Force, which arrest animal abusers. One of the task force's first felony convictions put a gang member to jail for abusing a family pet. He supported City's mandatory spay/neuter ordinance to reduce the number of stray and homeless animals.
He strongly supported green energy. He proposed the Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard that established goals for the city's Department of Water and Power to obtain at least 20% of its energy from wind and solar. He also proposed a plan that would convert all of the city's taxis to be fuel efficient by 2015.
He brought his passion for juvenile justice to the Los Angeles City Council. As Chair of the City's Ad Hoc Committee on Gang Violence and Youth Development, Cárdenas identified millions of dollars overlooked by the City to help keep kids off the streets, and reduced crime while reducing expenditures on crime abatement programs. As Vice Chair of the City's Public Safety Committee, Cárdenas spearheaded the most comprehensive gang intervention model in the country. The Community-Based Gang Intervention Model standardized and defined the methods used by gang intervention workers to help stop violence in some of Los Angeles' most dangerous neighborhoods.
In 2012, Cárdenas also passed landmark amendments to the City's daytime curfew ordinance. The new policy eliminated costly fines of up to $500 that students were facing. It also reduced lengthy court visits for parents and students and gave students the opportunity to do community service to eliminate citations.
- Business Tax Reform (Chair)
- Energy and Natural Resources (Chair)
- Gang Violence and Youth Development (Chair)
- Budget and Finance
- Housing, Community and Economic Development
U.S. House of Representatives
113th Congress (2013-2014)
During the 113th Congress, Càrdenas introduced 21 pieces of legislation in the U.S. House. Included among those are:
 H.R. 2669, Community-Based Gang Intervention Act, introduced July 11, 2013, has 22 cosponsors. This bill provides definitions of terms and services related to community-based gang intervention to ensure that funding for such intervention is utilized in a cost-effective manner. It also establishes that community-based agencies are held accountable for providing holistic, integrated intervention services.
 H.R. 4123, Prohibiting Detention of Youth Status Offenders Act of 2014, introduced: Feb. 22, 2014, has 7 cosponsors. This bill will amend the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 to eliminate the use of valid court orders (VCO) that put juveniles in jail for “status offenses.” These offenses that would not be judicial issues if the offender were not a juvenile. This includes “offenses” such as breaking curfew, running away from home or skipping school.
 H.R.4124, Protecting Youth from Solitary Confinement Act, introduced Feb. 28, 2014, has 5 cosponsors. This bill amends the federal criminal code to prohibit subjecting a juvenile in federal custody in a juvenile facility to solitary confinement. The bill requires the Director of the Board of Prisons to report annually to the President and Congress on: (1) the most recent data regarding the rate at which juveniles are subject to solitary confinement; and (2) the trends demonstrated by data on juveniles subjected to solitary confinement with regard to the types of offenses for which the juveniles were incarcerated, the race, gender, and age of such juveniles, how many hours such juveniles were subject to solitary confinement, and the purposes of the solitary confinement. H.R. 4390, At-Risk Youth Medicaid Protection Act of 2014, introduced April 3, 2014, has 4 cosponsors and has been introduced in the U.S. Senate. The bill requires state Medicaid plans to prohibit the state from terminating (but allow it to suspend) enrollment under the state plan for medical assistance for an eligible juveniles if he or she is an inmate of a public institution. It requires the state to restore enrollment automatically to such an individual upon his or her release, and take all steps necessary to ensure the enrollment is effective immediately upon release, unless the individual no longer meets eligibility requirements. Lastly it requires the state to process any application for medical assistance submitted by, or on behalf of, a juvenile inmate notwithstanding that he or she is an inmate.
 H.R. 4949, New American Success Act of 2014, introduced June 24, 2014, is a bipartisan bill, cosponsored by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla.). The bill establishes the National Office of New Americans to support the integration of immigrants to the United States into the economic, social, cultural, and civic life of their local communities and the Nation. The bill will help speed the integration of new Americans into society, ensuring each immigrant has access to programs that will help them learn or improve their English skills, civics education and other initiatives to help assist them in quickly adapting to their new nation while they participate in the naturalization process.
 H.R. 3734, 416d65726963612043616e20436f6465 (America Can Code) Act of 2013, introduced December 12, 2013, cosponsored by two other representatives. The bill expresses the importance of instruction in coding and computer programming to students' academic and vocational success, innovations in cyberspace, and our national security and economic competitiveness. The bill amends the America COMPETES Act to include computer programming language that is critical to the national security and economic competitiveness of our country as a "critical foreign language," the study of which is included in the teacher education programs and Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate programs funded under that Act. The bill also directs the Secretary of Education to convene a task force to explore ways of improving instruction in computer sciences and coding.
 H.R. 4929: Computer Science Career Education Act of 2014, introduced June 20, 2014, with 10 cosponsors. This bill will award grants to applicants that are a consortium of state or local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, non-profit organizations and employers with a documented need in the computer science sector. The grants are designed to encourage the development of computer science curriculum that will meet the market needs of employers and better integrate secondary and postsecondary education. Under the CSCE Act, groups can apply for funds to develop and operate a 4- or 6-year computer science career education training program.
 H.R.2982: Computer Science in STEM Act of 2013, introduced August 2, 2013. The bill adds Computer Science as one of the core “Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics” (STEM) classes. It directs the Secretary of Education to award grants to State educational agencies in order to develop comprehensive plans to strengthen elementary and secondary computer science education.
 H.R.3545: Collegiate Student Athlete Protection Act, introduced November 20, 2013 with 5 cosponsors. The bill requires universities and colleges who profit most from the talents of amateur athletes who trade athletic performance for the opportunity to achieve a high level of post-secondary education to guarantee that opportunity. CSAP Act will require alternate academic scholarships for any student-athlete involuntarily removed from completion for a college or university, but who maintains their academic standing. It also requires life skills and finance workshops including explanation of the full rights provided in scholarships and what student-athletes can expect to pay in health care costs.
 H.R. 4033: The American Worker Mobility Act, introduced February 11, 2014, is a bipartisan bill with 4 cosponsors, including Tea Party Republican Mick Mulvaney (R-S.C.) The American Worker Mobility Act would create a new program within the Department of Labor that would give people who can't find a job near where they live vouchers worth up to $10,000 to help them move to accept or find a job. The vouchers would be limited to long-term unemployed (longer than 26 weeks) individuals and require reporting on individuals use of the vouchers including statistics on new hires and the use of the vouchers.
 H.R. 5084: HUBZone Equity, introduced: July 11, 2014 with 15 cosponsors. The bill expands the eligibility for HUBZone designations to include business owned and operated by legal permanent residents. Under current law, only businesses owned by U.S. citizens are able to apply and get the HUBZone designation.
 H.R. 4763: Trade Protection Not Troll Protection Act, introduced: May 29, 2014 as a bipartisan bill with 9 cosponsors. The bill will speed up the legal process surrounding patent assertion litigation, undertaken by patent assertion entities (PAE) or so-called “patent trolls.” PAEs abuse the International Trade Commission patent process by purchasing patents and suing for intellectual property similarity between their purchased patents and a product that has been created and is being manufactured. The bill will ensure that American innovators and businesses are able to invest in their company and ideas instead of fighting these often frivolous lawsuits.
 H.R. 5325: American Manufacturing Workforce Act of 2014, introduced: July 31, 2014 with 7 cosponsors. The bill provides tax credits of up to $1,000 to unemployed individuals who receive manufacturing training. It will also create similar incentives for employers who provide manufacturing training to their workers. Eligibility for these tax credits will be limited to the top fifteen manufacturing states in the nation, including California.
 H.R. 4995: To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 6531 Van Nuys Boulevard in Van Nuys, California, as the "Marilyn Monroe Post Office," introduced June 26, 2014, with 18 California delegation cosponsors. The bill designates the United States Postal Service facility located at 6531 Van Nuys Boulevard in Van Nuys, California, as the "Marilyn Monroe Post Office." Marilyn Monroe claimed that her time in Van Nuys was the happiest time in her life.
 H.R. 4544: Stop Penalizing Taxpayers for Sports Owner Fouls Act of 2014, introduced May 1, 2014 with 14 cosponsors. The bill amends the Internal Revenue Code to prevent an owner of a professional sports franchise from being able to take a tax deduction for any fine or penalty that the owner was required to the professional sports league or association. Under current law, sport team owners are able to write-off fines and penalties when filing their taxes.
 H.R. 3495: To amend the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 to make improvements to the food safety education program carried out under such Act, and for other purposes, introduced: November 14, 2013. The bill would help protect more American families from foodborne illnesses. It would expand food safety education initiatives to train farmworkers on how to prevent bacterial contamination of food, how to identify sources of foodborne contaminants and other means of decreasing food contamination.
In 2012, he decided to run for the newly redrawn California's 29th congressional district after redistricting. In the June open primary, he ranked first with 64% of the vote. Independent David Hernandez, President of the San FernandoChamber of Commerce, ranked second with 22% of the vote, qualifying for the November election. Richard Valdez ranked third with 14% of the vote. In the November general election, Cardenas defeated Hernandez 74%-26%.
Chicano literature author Luis J. Rodriguez is Cardenas' brother-in-law. Cárdenas lives in the San Fernando Valley with his wife Norma and their children.
- ^Castro, Tony. "Tony Cardenas becomes newest California Congressman". voxxi.com. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- ^Reilly, Mollie (2014-11-05). "Tony Cardenas Wins Another Term In Congress". Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- ^ abRamirez, Rosa (November 1, 2012). "California, 29th House District". National Journal. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- ^ abHymon, Steve (May 7, 2006). "Sons Live Out a Dream". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- ^"CA State Assembly 39 Race - Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"CA State Assembly 39 Race - Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
- ^"CA State Assembly 39 Race - Nov 07, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-10. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
- ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
- ^"Los Angeles City Council - District 2 Race - Mar 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Councilmember; City of Los Angeles; District 2 Voter Information". Smartvoter.org. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Los Angeles City Council - District 6 Race - Mar 04, 2003". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Los Angeles City Council - District 6 Race - Mar 06, 2007". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Los Angeles City Council - District 6 Race - Mar 08, 2011". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
- ^Cárdenas, Tony. "A guide for understanding effective community-based gang intervention"(PDF). lacity.org.
- ^Abdollah, Tami. "L.A. City Council unanimously approves changes to daytime curfew law". scpr.org. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- ^"Tony Cárdenas' Biography - The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. 1963-03-31. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-22. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
- ^ ab"Press Releases | Congressman Tony Cardenas". Cardenas.house.gov. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Press Releases". Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"Press Releases | Congressman Tony Cardenas". Cardenas.house.gov. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"CÁRDENAS: "416d65726963612043616e20436f646520!" | Congressman Tony Cardenas". Cardenas.house.gov. 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"CÁRDENAS CONTINUES SUPPORT FOR STEM EDUCATION | Congressman Tony Cardenas". Cardenas.house.gov. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Cárdenas Introduces Legislation To Encourage Computer Education | Congressman Tony Cardenas". Cardenas.house.gov. 2013-08-06. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"Student Athlete Bill Page | Congressman Tony Cardenas". Cardenas.house.gov. 2013-11-20. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"HR 4033 - The American Worker Mobility Act | Congressman Tony Cardenas". Cardenas.house.gov. 2013-11-30. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^"CÁRDENAS BILL SEEKS MORE DIVERSE SMALL BUSINESS FUNDING". 10 July 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"CÁRDENAS, FARENTHOLD PROTECT AMERICAN COMPANIES FROM "PATENT TROLLS"". 29 May 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"CÁRDENAS INTRODUCES BIPARTISAN MANUFACTURING ASSISTANCE LEGISLATION". 31 July 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"CÁRDENAS HONORS MARILYN MONROE". 26 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"Press Releases". Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"CÁRDENAS INTRODUCES FOOD SAFETY LEGISLATION". 15 November 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"Members". New Democrat Coalition. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
- ^"Members". House Baltic Caucus. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- ^"Our Campaigns - CA - District 29 - Open Primary Race - Jun 05, 2012". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"Our Campaigns - CA - District 29 Race - Nov 06, 2012". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- ^"Archived copy"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2013-02-04.
- ^"Tony Cardenas (D)". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 15, 2012.