Uncodified Conspiracy And Other Essays

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In English:

1972_02  •  Address - Speech of acceptance of the Prix Lecomte de Nouy.

1985_03  •  The Absolute Beneath the Relative: Reflections on Einstein Theories.

1985_07  •  The Physics of Impetus and the Impetus of the Koran.

1986_14  •  Science and Censorship: Hélène Duhem and the Publication of the Système du Monde.

1987_15  •  Science: From the Womb of Religion - Speech of acceptance of the Templeton Prize.

1988_07  •  The Three Faces of Technology: Idol, Nemesis, Marvel.

1989_04  •  Science: Revolutionary or Conservative?

1989_07  •  Meditation on Newman's Grammar of Assent.

1990_09  •  Socrates, or the Baby and the Bathwater.

1990_28  •  Science: Western or What?

1991_11  •  Commencement Address delivered at Christendom College in 1991.

1993_08  •  History as Science and Science in History.

[no ref.]  •  English version of an interview given to Duna TV (Hungary) in 1994.

The video of the interview can be found in the Hungarian section below. The first two of the twenty-five minutes interview do not require the knowledge of the Hungarian language: they show images of Fr. Jaki's youth.

1994_07  •  Liberalism and Theology.

1994_15  •  Authoritatively No-Authority to Ordain Women.

1994_16  •  Two Miracles and a Nobel Prize: The semicentennial anniversary of the death of Alexis Carrel.

1998_17  •  Science and Religion in Identity Crisis.

1999_08  •  Two Lourdes Miracles and a Nobel Laureate: What Really Happened?

2000_15  •  The Catholic Intellectual.

2001_12  •  A Thousand Years from Now.

2001_20  •  From Jacob's ladder to the wedding at Cana and back again.

English text of the homily given in occasion of the marriage of Maria Raunio and Gergely Bogányi, at Zebegény (Hungary), on 23 June 2001.

2004_09  •  Jaki on Gödel Theorem (A Late Awakening to Gödel in Physics).

2006_03  •  On a Discovery of Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem.

2014_09  •  Pragmatism then and now: from tacit amorality to public immorality.

Video of the essay (co-authored with Lucía Guerra Menéndez - University of San Pablo-Ceu, Madrid) read at the Metanexus Conference, Madrid, July 14, 2008. Text published in the collection of essays: Uncodified Conspiracy and Other Essays.

2014_12  •  The mind and its now.

Video of the essay read at the Metanexus Conference, Madrid, July 15, 2008. Text published in the collection of essays: Uncodified Conspiracy and Other Essays.

[no ref.]  •  A collection of quotes from various books of Stanley L. Jaki, prepared by James D. Nickel.

The quotes are about: Rise and Philosophy of Modern Science, Biblical Theology, Chinese science, Greek science, Metaphysics, Epistemology, Early Church, Byzantine Empire, Islamic Science, The Middle Ages, Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Descartes, Newton, Hume, Kant, Hegel, Positivism, Quantum Mechanics, Einstein, Education, Artificial Intelligence, Mathematics, Statistics and Probability, Arithmetic.

In Hungarian:

[no ref.]  •  "... ERRE A SZIKLÁRA..." - Beszélgetés Jáki Szaniszló bencés professzorral.

Duna TV, Budapest, 1994 interview.

2001_20  •  Jákob létrájától a kánai mennyegzőig és vissza.

Elhangzott a zebegényi plébánia templomban Bogányi Gergely és Raunio Maria esküvőjén 2001 június 23.-án.
Text of the homily given in occasion of the marriage of Maria Raunio and Gergely Bogányi, at Zebegény (Hungary), on 23 June 2001.

2002_21  •  Nem-darwini darwinizmus.
Non-Darwinist Darwinism.
Hungarian original of 2003_25.

2002_22  •  Newman és az angyalok.
Newman and the Angels.
Hungarian translation of 1995_09

2004_17  •  Egy megkésett felébredés Gödelre a fizikában.
A Late Awakening to Gödel in Physics.
Hungarian translation by Z. Hetesi of 2004_09.

2005_14  •  A tudomány és a vallás kapcsolatának ábécéje .
Science and Religion: A Primer.
Part of the Hungarian translation of 2004_12.

2006_10  •  Relativitás és vallás.
Relativity and Religion.
Hungarian translation of 2005_15.

In Italian:

1995_17  •  Fede e ragione fra scienza e scientismo.
Faith and Reason between science and scientism - Intervista.

2000_32  •  Giordano Bruno "martire della scienza"?.
Giordano Bruno: a "martyr of science"? - Intervista.

2001_20  •  Dalla scala di Giacobbe alle nozze di Cana e ritorno.

Traduzione italiana, di A. Colombo e B. Danese dell'omelia per il matrimonio di Maria Raunio e Gergely Bogányi, a Zebegény (Ungheria), 23 giugno 2001.

2014_07  •  Stanley Jaki: la disfida dei darwinisti.
Stanley Jaki: la disfida dei darwinisti. - Intervista.

In Spanish:

1991_08  •  Física y religión en perspectiva: Los científicos y la filosofía.
Physics and Religion in Perspective: Scientists and Philosophy - Interview.

"The Paranoid Style in American Politics"[1] is an essay by American historian Richard J. Hofstadter, first published in Harper's Magazine in November 1964; it served as the title essay of a book by the author in the same year.

Published soon after SenatorBarry Goldwater had won the Republican presidential nomination over the more moderate Nelson A. Rockefeller, Hofstadter's article explores the influence of conspiracy theory and "movements of suspicious discontent" throughout American history.


The essay was adapted from a Herbert Spencer Lecture that Hofstadter delivered at Oxford University on November 21, 1963. An abridged version was first published in the November 1964 issue of Harper's Magazine, and was published as the titular essay in the book The Paranoid Style in American Politics, and Other Essays (1964).[2] The essay was originally presented when the conservatives, led by Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater (1909–1998), were on the verge of taking control of the Republican Party.[1]

Historical themes[edit]

Recurring paranoia in American politics[edit]

In developing the subject, Hofstadter initially establishes that his use of the phrase "paranoid style" was a borrowing from the clinical psychiatric term "paranoid" to describe a political personality, and acknowledges that the term is pejorative.[1]Psychological projection is essential to the paranoid style of U.S. politics.[1]

Historical applications[edit]

Historians have also applied the paranoid category to other political movements, such as the conservative Constitutional Union Party of 1860.[3] Hofstadter's approach was later applied to the rise of new right-wing groups, including the Christian Right and the Patriot Movement [4][5].

The political scientist Michael Paul Rogin, in his book The Intellectuals and McCarthy: The Radical Specter (1967), offered a thorough debunking of Hofstadter's thesis regarding the People's, or Populist, party of the 1890's and similar progressive groups, showing that the ethnic and religious groups that supported Joseph McCarthy and other "paranoid style" figures differ from those which supported the Populists and their successors, and thus that the origins of McCarthyism cannot be found within agrarian radical groups.[6][7] Despite Rogin's work, the tendency to conflate left-wing and right-wing populism, ignoring significant differences between the two, continues to be a significant long-term effect of Hofstadter's work.[8]

Another aspects of Hofstadter's thesis has been challenged by Samuel DeCanio's 2013 article "Populism, Paranoia, and the Politics of Free Silver," [9] which argues that instead of being a paranoid delusion, the Populists' position regarding bankers' use of bribes to influence 19th century monetary policy was largely correct. DeCanio offers evidence that the Coinage Act of 1873, legislation that eliminated bimetallism and which the Populists' denounced as the "Crime of 73," was influenced by bribes that William Ralston, president of The Bank of California, paid to Henry Linderman, director of the Philadelphia Mint. DeCanio's article includes a copy of the actual check Ralston used to pay Linderman, indicating the Populists' claims were far more accurate than Hofstadter ever suspected.


In a 2007 article in Harper's, Scott Horton wrote that "The Paranoid Style in American Politics" was "one of the most important and most influential articles published in the 155 year history of the magazine."[10]

Laura Miller writes in Salon.com that "'The Paranoid Style in American Politics' reads like a playbook for the career of Glenn Beck, right down to the paranoid's 'quality of pedantry' and 'heroic strivings for 'evidence'..."[11]

The garage rock band The Paranoid Style, formed in 2012, is named after the article.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ abcdHofstadter, Richard (November 1964). "The Paranoid Style in American Politics". Harper's Magazine. Retrieved November 27, 2012. 
  2. ^Hofstadter, Richard (2008). "The Paranoid Style in American Politics". The Paranoid Style in American Politics, and Other Essays. New York: Vintage Books. p. xi. ISBN 9780307388445. 
  3. ^Mering, John (1978). "The Constitutional Union Campaign of 1860: An Example of the Paranoid Style". Mid America. 60 (2): 95–106. 
  4. ^D. J., Mulloy (2004). "Approaching extremism: theoretical perspectives on the far right in American history". American Extremism: History, Politics and the Militia Movement. pp. 17–34. ISBN 978-0-415-32674-2. 
  5. ^Kamiya, Gary (December 5, 2011). "The Infantile Style in American Politics". Salon. Retrieved 2016-08-19. 
  6. ^https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/165451
  7. ^https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/224541
  8. ^http://tah.oah.org/february-2016/if-trump-and-sanders-are-both-populists-what-does-populist-mean/
  9. ^"Studies in American Political Development". journals.cambridge.org. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved August 2, 2016. 
  10. ^Horton, Scott (August 16, 2007). "The Paranoid Style in American Politics". Harper's Magazine. 
  11. ^Miller, Laura (September 15, 2010). "The paranoid style in American punditry". Salon. Retrieved February 1, 2011. 

External links[edit]

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