7 Steps to Write a Perfect Annotated Bibliography
- Summarize the Sources: At the first instance, you have to choose the sources carefully and then make summaries out of these. You can do this by taking notes and pointing down important aspects of your sources. Make it such that anyone could understand what your work is all about by a mere glimpse of it.
- Citations: Citations reference from scholarly books, academic abstracts, scholarly articles, images of videos and websites. It is the list of the references that you are going to use which is required to support your argument. You have to cite the journals and periodicals using the style that has been asked for by your supervisor. The most widely used forms of citations are American Psychological Association (APA) and Modern Language Association (MLA) Some other popular forms of citations include the Chicago or Turabian Style, Associated Press (AP) style and Council of Science Editors. You have to make sure about the format of the citations. A general formal first includes the name of the author, then the full book title of the book or article, after that comes the date of publication of the latest revision of the book which can be found on the internet. You can organize your citations by using some methods such as by alphabetically, chronologically, by format, by the language or by sub-topic.
- Use an Annotated Bibliography: Using a little say, one-paragraphed information about your argument shall enrich your paper, and it shall also be easy for the readers. It also helps the reader to decide what sources they are going to use for further reference. In this regard, it should be noted that an annotated bibliography is not an abstract, Instead of providing a detailed summary, it is more informative and focused on a particular aspect of the topic. It shall be much better if you annotate each and every source of your bibliography.
- Assess the Author's Background and Credentials in an Annotation: In an annotated bibliography, using the author's experience and other credentials such as his or her educational and critical reviews. It shall be beneficial to both the readers and the writers. You can also mention the intellectual inclination of the author and the school of thought to which he or she belongs. This mere mention shall make your argument intellectually fertile and more enriched, and your thesis shall be accepted with a great applause.
- Make a list of the Central Themes and Main Arguments: By using these steps, you can give your readers a quick view of what your work is all about. You scan also outline the topic covered as they are used in your research question and make a molecular study about the work. You have to make it clear to the readers why you are using this particular book or article or journal to substantiate your arguments. Outline the importance of the particular source and make it easily readable by any range of readers. Make it approachable to all of them.
- Evaluate Each Source: Make a critical evaluation of each of the sources you are using. Under the subhead "bibliographically included" and make a note whether you the particular source has any glossary, index or bibliography. It there are any test devices or survey instruments, you should also make a note of that. You have to make velar the usefulness of a particular source in your research work. Let the readers know whether the information is biased or objective or whether it is reliable. Also, mention about the chronology of the books. It is important to note whether a particular source is current or outdated.
- Make a Proper Bibliography with All These Sources: After you are done with the evaluation of your source, you jot down all the sources and write an excellent bibliography out of it. Use these annotated sources in each of the points write it after each points. That shall enrich your article and make it more acceptable.
What is an Annotated Bibliography?
What is a bibliography? Often called a “works cited list” or “reference list,” it’s a list, usually found at the end of your project, that displays all of the sources that you used in your research project. In this list, you may have websites, books, newspapers, magazines, or other types of sources that were used.
Each listed source, also called a “citation,” shares information about the author, title, publishing year, and other items. Citations are provided so that others can find the sources themselves.
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents where each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 100 to 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation.
Why Have One?
Sometimes instructors want you to include an “annotated bibliography.” An annotated bibliography includes three items for each source:
- the citation
- a short summary of the source
- your personal thoughts and insights from the source
The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, location, and quality of the sources cited. Please check with your teacher or professor first to see if an annotated bibliography/works cited page is needed for your paper.
- Create the citation in MLA, APA, or another style that your teacher instructs you to cite in. Your teacher will tell you which style you should use.
- Write a few sentences summarizing the source. What was it about? What was the main point of it?
Your Personal Thoughts and Insights
- Was the source helpful for your particular assignment?
- How did it help answer your research question(s)?
- How was this source different than the other sources used?
- Did the source change your thinking on the research topic?
- How did the source affect you?
- Citations are listed in alphabetical order
- Format your paper according to the MLA or APA guidelines (include the link to the MLA and APA guideline pages)
Example (in MLA):
Example (in APA):
Did you know that you can create annotated bibliographies using EasyBib citation tools? Go to any citation form and simply click the “Add Annotation” button at the bottom. A space will open up that allows you to add your own annotation for the citation.