It is sad but true that the cases of farmer suicides in India have increased over the years. There are a number of reasons that contribute to it. These include the erratic weather conditions, debt burden, family issues and change in government policies among others.
Farmer Suicides in India has seen an increase over the period of time. The main reasons for this are the growing disparity in the weather conditions, high debts, health issues, personal problems, government policies, etc. Here are essays on varying lengths on the unfortunate phenomena of farmer suicides in India.
Essay on Farmer Suicides in India
Farmer Suicides in India Essay 1 (200 words)
Several farmers in India commit suicide each year. The National Crime Records Bureau of India has reported that the cases of farmer suicides in the country are higher than that in any other occupation. The cases in the state of Maharashtra, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka are comparatively higher. A number of factors are said to be responsible for this. Some of the major reasons for farmer suicides in India include:
- Inability to pay debt.
- Damaging of crops due to erratic weather conditions such as droughts and floods.
- Unfavorable government policies.
- Inability to meet the demands of the family.
- Personal issues.
The government has taken several initiatives to curb the problem. Some of these include the Agricultural Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme, 2008, Maharashtra Money Lending (Regulation) Act, 2008, Relief Package 2006, and Diversify Income Sources Package 2013. Certain states have also formed groups to help farmers in distress. However, most of these initiatives are focused on providing or repaying loans rather than helping the farmers increase productivity and income and have thus yielded the desired results.
The government needs to look into the matter seriously and take effective steps to eradicate the factors leading to the farmer suicides in order to do away with this problem.
Farmer Suicides in India Essay 2 (300 words)
The cases of farmer suicides in India, just like many other countries, are far higher in comparison to that in other occupations. Statistics reveal that 11.2% of the total suicides in the country are farmer suicides. A number of factors contribute towards farmer suicides in India. Here is a detailed look at these reasons as well as the measures being taken by the government to help farmers in distress.
Why are Farmers taking this Extreme Step?
There are a number of reasons why farmers in India are committing suicides. One of the main reasons is the erratic weather conditions in the country. Global warming has led to extreme weather conditions such as drought and floods in most parts of the country. Such extreme conditions lead to damaging of crops and the farmers are left with nothing. When the crop yield is not sufficient, the farmers are forced to take debt to fulfil their financial needs. Unable to repay the debt, many farmers usually take the unfortunate step of committing suicide.
Most farmers are the sole earners of the family. They face constant pressure to fulfil the demands and responsibilities of the family and the stress caused by the inability to meet the same often leads to farmer suicides. Other factors responsible for the increasing number of farmer suicide cases in India include low produce prices, changes in government policies, poor irrigation facilities and alcohol addiction.
Measures Taken to Control Farmer Suicides
Some of the initiatives taken by the government of India to control the cases of farmer suicides in the country include:
- The Relief Package 2006.
- Maharashtra Money Landing (regulation) Act 2008.
- Agricultural Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme 2008.
- Maharashtra Relief Package 2010.
- Kerala Farmers’ Debt Relief Commission (Amendment) Bill 2012.
- Diversify Income Sources Package 2013.
- 70% cut in Monsanto’s Royalties.
- Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojna (Crop Insurance for Farmers).
- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna.
- Soil Health Cards.
It is sad how several farmers commit suicide unable to cope up with financial and emotional upheaval in their lives. The government must take effective steps to control these cases.
Farmer Suicides in India Essay 3 (400 words)
It is highly unfortunate that in a country like India where approximately 70% of the total population is directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture, the cases of farmer suicides are increasing by the day. 11.2% of the total suicides in the country are farmer suicides. Several factors contribute towards farmer suicides in India and though the government has taken quite a few measures to control the problem, the initiatives taken do not seem effective enough. The solutions suggested here should help in bringing down the cases of farmer suicides in India.
Agricultural Issues in India
The government has been taking initiatives to support the farmers financially by reducing the interest rates on loans and even waving off agricultural loans. However, these haven’t helped much. It is time for the government to recognise the root cause of the problem and work towards eliminating it in order to control the cases of farmer suicides. Here are some of the issues that need immediate attention:
- Agricultural activities in the country must be organized. Proper planning must be done for cultivation, irrigation and harvesting of crops.
- The government must see to it that the farmers get the fixed purchase price.
- Exploitation of farmers by the middlemen must be stopped. The government must make provisions for the farmers to sell their products directly in the market.
- The government must ensure that the subsidies and schemes launched reach the farmers.
- Selling of fertile land to real estate owners must be stopped.
Measures to Control Farmer Suicides in India
Here are some initiatives that the government must take proactively to control the issue of farmer suicides in India:
- The government must set up exclusive agricultural zones where only agricultural activities should be allowed.
- Initiative must be taken to teach modern farming techniques to the farmers to help them increase farm productivity.
- Irrigation facilities must be improved.
- National weather risk management system must be put in place to alert farmers about the extreme weather conditions.
- Genuine crop insurance policies must be launched.
- Farmers must be encouraged to go for alternative sources of income. Government should help them acquire the new skills.
It is high time the government of India starts taking the grave issue of farmer suicides more seriously. The initiatives taken until now have not been able to bring down these cases. This means the strategies being followed need to be re-evaluated and implemented.
Farmer Suicides in India Essay 4 (500 words)
Several cases of farmer suicides are reported each year in India. As per the National Crime Records Bureau of India, the cases of farmer suicides reported in the year 2004 were 18,241 – the highest recorded in a year till date. Statistics reveal that farmer suicides account for 11.2% of the total suicides in the country. A number of reasons such as extreme weather conditions like drought and floods, high debt, unfavourable government policies, public mental health issue and poor irrigation facilities are said to be responsible for the increasing number of famer suicide cases in India. The matter is serious and the government is working towards controlling this problem.
Government Initiatives to Stop Farmer Suicides
Here are some of the initiatives taken by the Indian government to help the farmers in distress and rule out suicides:
- Relief Package 2006
In the year 2006, the Indian Government identified 31 districts in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh and introduced an exclusive rehabilitation package to ease the lot of farmers there. These are the states with high rate of farmer suicides.
- Maharashtra Bill 2008
The state government of Maharashtra passed the Money Lending (Regulation) Act, 2008 to regulate private money lending to farmers. It set the maximum interest rates on the loans given to farmers by private lenders as slightly higher than the money lending rate set by Reserve Bank of India.
- Agricultural Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme
The Indian government launched the Agricultural Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme in the year 2008 that benefitted more than 36 million farmers. Under this scheme, a total of Rs 653 billion was spent to write off part of the loan principal and interest owed by the farmers.
- Maharashtra Relief Package 2010
The Maharashtra government made it illegal for the non-licensed moneylenders from procuring loan repayment in 2010. Farmers were entitled to many other benefits under this package.
- Kerala Farmers’ Debt Relief Commission (Amendment) Bill 2012
In 2012, Kerala amended the Kerala Farmers’ Debt Relief Commission Act 2006 to provide benefits to distressed farmers with loans through 2011.
- Diversify Income Sources Package 2013
The government has introduced this package for farmer-suicide prone regions such as Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.
- State Initiatives
Many state governments in India have taken special initiatives to prevent farmer suicides. Groups have been dedicated to help farmers in distress and funds have also been raised to provide monetary help.
More recently, the Modi government has also taken steps to tackle the issue of farmer suicides in India. It has announced a 70% cut in Monsanto’s Royalties, relief to farmers in input subsidy and launched the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojna (Crop Insurance for Farmers) and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna. The government is also issuing Soil Health Cards that includes crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilizers to help farmers enhance farm productivity.
Farmer suicide is a grave issue. While the government has launched several packages to help the farmers in distress these have not helped much in putting an end to farmer suicide cases. It is high time the government of India should recognize the sensitivity of the issue and work towards it in a way that this problem comes to an end.
Farmer Suicides in India Essay 5 (600 words)
Numerous farmer suicide cases are reported each year in India. There are a lot of factors that force farmers to take this stern step. Frequent droughts, floods, economic crises, debt, health issues, family responsibilities, changes in the government policies, alcohol addiction, low produce prices and poor irrigation facilities are among some of the common factors that contribute to farmer suicides in India. Here is a detailed look at the farmer suicide statistical data and the factors that lead to this issue.
Farmer Suicides: Statistical Data
Statistics reveal that farmer suicides in India account for 11.2% of all the suicides. Over the period of 10 years, from 2005 to 2015, the farmer suicide rate in the country has ranged between 1.4 and 1.8 per 100,000 total population. The year 2004 saw the highest number of farmer suicides in India. As many as 18,241 farmers committed suicide during this year.
In 2010, the National Crime Records Bureau of India reported a total of 135, 599 suicides in the country out of which 15,963 were farmer suicides. In 2011, a total of 135,585 suicide cases were reported in the country out of which 14,207 were farmers. 11.2% of the total suicide cases in the year 2012 were farmers – a quarter of which were from the state of Maharashtra. In 2014, there were 5,650 farmer suicide cases. Farmer suicide rate is higher in the states of Maharashtra, Pondicherry and Kerala.
Farmer Suicides – Global Statistics
The cases of farmer suicides have not only been reported in India, the problem is global. Farmers in various countries including England, Canada, Australia, Sri Lanka and USA have also been found to be under immense stress due to problems similar to that in India and give in to suicide unable to cope up with the pressure. In countries such as US and UK also the rate of farmer suicides is higher than that of people in other professions.
Factors Responsible for Farmer Suicides
Here is a look at some of the major causes of farmer suicides in India:
Inadequate rainfall is one of the main reasons for crop failure. The regions that face frequent drought like situation see a major decline in the crop yields. The cases of farmer suicides reported in such areas are higher.
As much harm as droughts cause to the crops, floods impact them equally badly. Farms are eroded and crops get damaged due to heavy rainfall.
- High Debts
Famers usually face difficulty raising money to cultivate land and often take heavy debts for this purpose. Inability to pay these debts is another leading cause of farmer suicides.
- Government Policies
Changes in the macro-economic policy of Government of India that is known to favour liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation is also said to be a cause of farmer suicides. However, the point is debatable.
- Genetically Modified Crops
It has been claimed that genetically modified crops such as Bt cotton are also a cause of farmer suicides. This is because the Bt cotton seeds cost nearly twice as much as the ordinary seeds. The farmers are forced to take high loans from private moneylenders to grow these crops and the latter force them to sell the cotton to them at a price much lower than the market rate and this leads to increased debt and economic crises among farmers.
- Family Pressure
The inability to meet the expenses and demands of the family causes mental stress and unable to cope up with it many farmers give in to suicide.
Though the government has started taking initiatives to help the farmers in distress, however, the cases of farmer suicides in India do not seem to come down. The government needs to focus on farmer’s income and productivity to ensure their prosperity rather than merely focusing on loan relief or waivers.
An Indian farmer
An Indian farmer is one of the most important members of society. He is the giver of food to the people, to all practical purposes.
He gets up early in the morning and goes to his fields. Nowadays in a number of states, the days of ploughing the fields with the help of oxen are almost over except for the farmers who are too poor to purchase a tractor.
The farmer has many kinds of works to do. He ploughs his fields. He sows the seeds. He waters the fields regularly. He has to take care of the crops. He has to protect them against hail and frost. He has to apply compost and fertilizers. He has also to sprinkle insecticides and pesticides to protect the crops against pests and insects.
Most of the old farmers are illiterate. But the farmers of the new generation are mostly educated. Their being educated helps them a lot. They get the soil of their fields tested in a laboratory.
Most of the farmers are not interested in free electricity and water. They rather want an uninterrupted supply of electricity for which they are ready to pay.
Small farmers should also start some cottage industries. Crop rotation system and contract crop system has been started in some states. Such steps are in the right direction and will help the farmers in the long run.
Essay No. 2
The Indian Farmer
India is a an agricultural country. More than 75% of its population lives in villages. People work as farmers. But it is pity that our farmer lives in poverty though he is the back-bone of our country. He works hard and gets little to eat.
The present condition of Indian farmer is very bad. He is too poor to have some comforts of life. he has very few clothes. He lives in an ordinary house. It is made of mud. It is not properly ventilated. It is dark and unhealthy. Our farmer is ignorant. He lives in dirt. He does not know the importance of cleanliness. He is open to diseases.
The Indian farmer is very hardworking. He is very honest. He works in the fields from morning till evening. The scorching heat of the sun. the cold winter winds and the heavy rain cannot stop him from doing his work outside the house. He is the son of the nature.
The Indian farmer is quite ignorant. He still follows the old methods of agriculture. Owing to t his poverty and ignorance, he cannot (or does not) make use of scientific implements and fertilizers as well. Indian agriculture is dependedent on the monsoon. Very often it fails, sometimes it destroys his standing crops. Thus monsoon betrays our farmers. Frequently, rains cause floods which destroy crops. Thus we see that poverty and ignorance are two great curses for the Indian farmer.
The remedy of the Indian farmer’s backwardness lies in spreading literacy among the farmers. Government should help them with money, implements and good seeds. There should be good arrangements for irrigation also.
It is a matter of great pleasure that today Government is doing is best to help the Indian farmer. His position has now improved. He is now buying better agricultural implements, good seeds and fertilizers. The old out- dated plough is now being replaced by the tractor.
In the days of English rule the farmer was in the clutches of money lenders and land lords. But now the position is changed. The government , co- operative societies an d banks are helping our farmers. These three agencies have brought revolution in rural credit.
Distribution of surplus land, consolidation of land holdings, implementation of ceiling laws and other land reforms have brought about a change in the status of Indian farmer. Welfare measures like spread of education , electrification and supply of water, building of roads, schools and hospitals have raised the standards of living of the farmer. Now he lives in the pucca houses and puts on better clothes. He looks very cheerful. If our farmers and we should co- operate our government, the conditions of the Indian farmer will improve in the future.
Essay No. 3
The Indian Farmer
India is an agricultural country. Majority of its population lives in villages and depend on agriculture. The Indian farmer is the backbone of the society. His importance in the economy of the country cannot be over-emphasized. He grows corn, vegetables and fruits for our food and cotton for our clothes.
The Indian farmer is a hard working man. He works form morning till evening in the scorching heat and biting cold. Early in the morning he drives his oxen to the fields. He ploughs the fields, sows seeds and waters the plants. An Indians famer depends on monsoon. He looks after the crops and saves them from being spoiled by stray cattle or wild animals. He enjoys no holyday. At noon he takes his meals under a shady tree and then takes a little rest. In the evening he returns home, tired and exhausted.
The Indian farmer leads a simple life. he lives in a mud house, eats simple food and wears coarse clothes. Generally he is illiterate. He believes in old customs and superstitions. His cattle are his most valuable property. Often during drought crops fail and he is in trouble. When the crop ripens, he feels happy. He reaps it, thrashes it and takes the corn to the market. In times of a bad harvest he had little money to buy seeds and manure and he runs into debt.
An Indian farmer earns his bread by the sweet of this brow. He is never idle. Our late Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri gave us the slogan, “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”, underlying the fact that farmer is an important as a soldier. Really he deserves a better treatment. More educational , medical and irrigational facilities should be provided to him. On him depends the well- being of the whole nation. In the real sense of the term, a farmer is the actual bread giver of the nation.
The farmer is fond of festivities. He spends lavishly on marriages and others social ceremonies. Recently , the use of agricultural machinery and chemical manures and the provision of credit facilities by cooperative societies and rural banks has improved his lot and changed his outlook on life.
In spite of being independent for the last more than fifty years we have not be able to improve the lot to Indian farmer. Most of them still live under the poverty line. They do not get full return of their yield and they continue to be poor and neglected. The biggest industry of India are not attracted towards the profession as it does not guarantee a prosperous living to them. The development in Science and Technology have not been able to make agriculture an enviable profession. This is the reason of the biggest problem of this land, that is, unemployment. If modernized on a large scale it can employ all the unemployed youths and the country will be for more prosperous than we dream about it.