Ecology Term Paper

"Every person, whether environmental professional or simply having a personal interest in one or more levels of ecology, will isolate a few events that can be distinguished as milestones in planetary history. From the ecological perspective, every step in the global strategy is crucial to life, if not actually mediated by some portion of the biomass, and each step can represent a crisis in homeostasis. Particularly critical events must start with the Big Bang, the ultimate source of all energy and material in the universe. From that ultimate source, the next critical step is the formation of the lithosphere of earth in combination with the cooling of the planetary surface to the range in which H 2 O exists as a liquid. The next critical steps were the origin of life and the incorporation of certain bacterial cells into others with the formation of membranes, separating life from non-life. The oxygen revolution was perhaps the single most important ecological crisis. The next critical step was the evolution of an organism that was to be the ancestor of primates, represented today by gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans. In terms of geological time and past events, rapid manifestation of crises has attended the development of the human species. Language, communities, and culture are a combination unique to this particular primate. It is human culture that evolves, and rapidly, rather than the organism itself. Most recently, humanity has undergone or perpetrated a particularly critical step - the formalization of science out of a mixed background of magic, religion, and industry. The great crises for humans, then, are the advent of hunting and gathering, settling in communities as tillers of the soil, entering in rapid succession the industrial and scientific revolutions, and many would add, the information revolution associated with computer technologies."

Top Papers

Read recent popular papers from Journal of Ecology here
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Top-read articles

Journal of Ecology papers downloaded most in Wiley Online Library from January to December 2012 are listed below...

  • An integrated analysis of the effects of past land use on forest herb colonization at the landscape scale
    Kris Verheyen, Glenn R. Guntenspergen, Bernard Biesbrouck, Martin Hermy
  • Fluctuating resources in plant communities: a general theory of invasibility
    Mark A. Davis, J. Philip Grime, Ken Thompson
  • Benefits of plant diversity to ecosystems: immediate, filter and founder effects
    J. P. Grime
  • Facilitation in plant communities: the past, the present, and the future
    Brooker et al.
  • Cross-scale vegetation patterns of Flooding Pampa grasslands
    S. B. Perelman, R. J. C. León, M. Oesterheldrime
  • Invasions: the trail behind, the path ahead, and a test of a disturbing idea
    Angela T. Moles, Habacuc Flores-Moreno, Stephen P. Bonser et al.
  • Impact of invasive plants on the species richness, diversity and composition of invaded communities
    Hejda, Pyšek & Jarošík
  • Linking vegetation change, carbon sequestration and biodiversity: insights from island ecosystems in a long-term natural experiment
    Wardle et al.
  • Beyond the regeneration phase: differentiation of height-light trajectories among tropical tree species
    Lorens Poorter, Frans Bongers, Frank J. Sterck, Hannsjorg Woll
  • Functional identity is more important than diversity in influencing ecosystem processes in a temperate native grassland
    Karel Mokany, Julian Ash, Stephen Roxburgh

Top-cited articles

Journal of Ecology papers published in 2011 that have generated the most citations between January and June 2012 are listed below...

  • Multitrophic interactions below and above ground: en route to the next level
    Nicole M. van Dam, Martin Heil
  • Using plant functional traits to understand the landscape distribution of multiple ecosystem services
    Sandra Lavorel, Karl Grigulis, Penelope Lamarque, Marie-Pascale Colace, Denys Garden, Jacky Girel, Gilles Pellet, Rolland Douzet
  • An ecological perspective on extreme climatic events: a synthetic definition and framework to guide future research
    Melinda D. Smith
  • Validation of biological collections as a source of phenological data for use in climate change studies: a case study with the orchid Ophrys sphegodes
    Karen M. Robbirt, Anthony J. Davy, Michael J. Hutchings, David L. Roberts
  • Direct and indirect root defences of milkweed (Asclepias syriaca): trophic cascades, trade-offs and novel methods for studying subterranean herbivory
    Sergio Rasmann, Alexis C. Erwin, Rayko Halitschke, Anurag A. Agrawal
  • Seed dispersal distance is more strongly correlated with plant height than with seed mass
    Fiona J. Thomson, Angela T. Moles, Tony D. Auld, Richard T. Kingsford
  • Climate extremes initiate ecosystem-regulating functions while maintaining productivity
    Anke Jentsch, Juergen Kreyling, Michael Elmer, Ellen Gellesch, Bruno Glaser, Kerstin Grant, Roman Hein, Marco Lara, Heydar Mirzae, Stefanie E. Nadler, Laura Nagy, Denis Otieno, Karin Pritsch, Uwe Rascher, Martin Schaedler, Michael Schloter, Brajesh K. Singh, Jutta Stadler, Julia Walter, Camilla Wellstein, Jens Woellecke, Carl Beierkuhnlein
  • Interregional variation in the floristic recovery of post-agricultural forests
    Pieter De Frenne, Lander Baeten, Bente J. Graae, Jorg Brunet, Monika Wulf, Anna Orczewska, Annette Kolb, Ivy Jansen, Aurelien Jamoneau, Hans Jacquemyn, Martin Hermy, Martin Diekmann, An De Schrijver, Michele De Sanctis, Guillaume Decocq, Sara A. O. Cousins, Kris Verheyen
  • Is rapid evolution common in introduced plant species?
    Joanna M. Buswell, Angela T. Moles, Stephen Hartley
  • Interactions among plants and evolution
    Andrea S. Thorpe, Erik T. Aschehoug, Daniel Z. Atwater , Ragan M. Callaway
  • Ploidy influences rarity and invasiveness in plants
    Maharaj K. Pandit, Michael J. O. Pocock, William E. Kunin
  • Constitutive and induced subterranean plant volatiles attract both entomopathogenic and plant parasitic nematodes
    Jared G. Ali, Hans T. Alborn, Lukasz L. Stelinski
  • Climate is a stronger driver of tree and forest growth rates than soil and disturbance
    Marisol Toledo, Lourens Poorter, Marielos Pena-Claros, Alfredo Alarcon, Julio Balcazar, Claudio Leano, Juan Carlos Licona, Oscar Llanque, Vincent Vroomans, Pieter Zuidema, Frans Bongers
  • Extreme climatic event-triggered overstorey vegetation loss increases understorey solar input regionally: primary and secondary ecological implications
    Patrick D. Royer, Neil S. Cobb, Michael J.Clifford, Cho-Ying Huang, David D. Breshears, Henry D. Adams, Juan Camilo Villegas
  • The ecological role of climate extremes: current understanding and future prospects
    Melinda D. Smith
  • Seagrass genotypic diversity increases disturbance response via complementarity and dominance
    A. Randall Hughes, John J. Stachowicz
  • Niche overlap reveals the effects of competition, disturbance and contrasting assembly processes in experimental grassland communities
    Norman W. H. Mason, Francesco de Bello, Jiri Dolezal, Jan Leps
  • Costs of constitutive and herbivore-induced chemical defences in pine trees emerge only under low nutrient availability
    Luis Sampedro, Xoaquin Moreira, Rafael Zas
  • Emergence of a mid-season period of low floral resources in a montane meadow ecosystem associated with climate change
    George Aldridge, David W. Inouye, Jessica R. K. Forrest, William A. Barr, Abraham J. Miller-Rushing
  • Trophic mediation by a fungus in an ant-plant mutualism
    Celine Leroy, Nathalie Sejalon-Delmas, Alain Jauneau, Mario-Xavier Ruiz-Gonzalez, Herve Gryta, Patricia Jargeat, Bruno Corbara, Alain Dejean, Jerome Orivel


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