479 Words2 Pages
Gonorrhea is a curable, bacterial, sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae (a member of the family Neisseriaceae). Bacteria are introduced during sexual contact. These bacteria can infect the genital tract, the mouth, and the rectum. It attacks the urethra in males, the cervix in females, and the throat. The majority of the organisms belonging to this family are non-pathogenic or commensals, however, gonorrhea is always pathogenic. Gonorrhea’s mode of transmission is during sexual intercourse – vaginal, oral, and anal.
People who practice anal intercourse can get gonorrhea of the rectum. Even women who do not engage in anal…show more content…
Doctors usually prescribe a combination of antibiotics, such as ceftriaxone and doxycycline or azithromycin, which will treat both diseases. Serious complications can result, however, when left untreated. In untreated gonorrhea infections, the bacteria can spread up into the reproductive tract, or more rarely, can spread through the blood stream and infect the joints, heart valves, or the brain. The most common result of untreated gonorrhea is PID, a serious infection of the female reproductive organs. Gonococcal PID often appears immediately after the menstrual period. PID causes scar tissue to form in the fallopian tubes. If the tube is only partially scarred, the fertilized egg cannot pass into the uterus. If this happens, the embryo may implant in the tube causing a tubal pregnancy. This serious complication results in a miscarriage and can cause death of the mother.
Rarely, untreated gonorrhea can spread through the blood to the joints.
Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotic drugs taken orally or by an injection. All partners must be treated. Treatment during the early stages is usually 100 percent effective. It is important that all of the antibiotics are taken as prescribed, and that the infected people refrain from sexual intercourse during treatment. Proper hand washing is essential. The bacteria can be transferred to the eyes.
800 Words4 Pages
Approximately 1 million new cases of this disease are reported each year in the
United States, and public health experts estimate that an additional million or more
gonorrhea infections go unreported each year. Although these numbers seem very large,
the disease occurs less frequently now than it did in the early 1980s. The rate of
infection among young unmarried people between the ages of 15 and 24, however it
remains very high. Study results released in 1988 by the National Academy of
Sciences and the Institute for Health Policy estimate that $ 1 billion is now being spent
each year in the United States for the diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhea.
Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria. It is almost always…show more content…
Children who are infected with gonorrhea during
birth can be cured and , if treated early , rarely suffer any effects from the disease.
One reason that gonorrhea continues to occur is that it is not always easy to
detect. Symptoms usually develop within gonorrhea, fewer than 20% experience
noticeable symptoms until more serious complications develop, although these women
will be able to transmit the disease before symptoms appear. The most common signs of
gonorrhea are inflammation of the cervix and secretion of a white or yellow discharge.
Urination may become painful as well as more frequent, the infection can cause arthritis
and blood infection . it is one of the primary causes of pelvic inflammatory disease , the
symptons of which include fever , chills , and abdominal and back pain . PID frequently
results in permanent sterility .
Gonorrhea is somewhat simpler to detect in men . Early symptoms will be
extremely noticeable at least 75% of the time and generally occur within 1 week from the
time of exposure . The most common are a burning sensation during urination , a white or
yellowish discharge from the penis , and soreness and swelling at the opening of the
uretha . Both men and women who contract gonorrhea through anal intercourse may
experience inflammation of the anus , painful bowel